Ukraine Modern History (1917-2020) Every Year. История Украины.
Published at : 07 Dec 2020
History of Ukraine
Ukrainian People’s Republic (1917-1919)
Ukrainian State (1918)
Ukrainian Soviet Socialistic Republic (1919-1991)
Reichskommissariat Ukraine (1941-1944)
Украинская Народная Республика / УНР (1917-1919)
Украинская Держава (1918)
Украинская ССР / УССР (1919-1991)
In 882, most of the lands of modern Ukraine were conquered by Russian Duke Oleg. He also moved the capital of Ancient Rus from Novgorod to Kiev. This city became the capital of Rus until 1157.
After the beginning of fragmentation in Rus in XII century, the Principality of Galicia-Volhynia was the largest and least dependent on Rus state on the territory of modern Ukraine. This state existed for more than two centuries and in 1392 Galicia-Volhynia was conquered by Poland.
In the XVII century, most of modern Ukraine was ruled by Poland. In 1648 in its east territory took place the Uprising of Bohdan Khmelnitsky, who founded the Cossack Hetmanate. In 1654, this Hetmanate became a vassal of Russia.
In 1764, the Hetmanate was officially abolished by the Russian Empress Catherine II, and its territories became the Little Russian governorates of the Russian Empire.
After the February Revolution in 1917, Ukrainian nationalists tried to create the Ukrainian Republic as the autonomy of Russia, but this project was postponed. And after the Bolshevik Revolution in October 1917, was founded the Ukrainian People’s Republic, which declared its independence from Russia on the territory of 9 former Little Russian governorates.
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