I want to talk about the palate (the roof of your mouth) and try to be clear about what makes up the different parts as I sometimes have confused conversations with students. Let's look at what structures make up the hard palate and the soft palate, where they are, what they do, how they are involved in swallowing and a brief mention of cleft palate.
The bones involved are the maxilla and palatine bones with a little bit of sphenoid and temporal bones. We'll include the sensory and motor innervation of various structures, looking at how the trigeminal nerve (CN V) and the vagus nerve (CN X) are involved with a little input from the facial nerve (CN VII).
The muscles of the soft palate are tensor veli palatini, levator veli palatini, palatoglossus, palatopharyngeus and musculus uvulae.
Music by Jahzzar
Album: HiFi City Tales