IBS-DIY Experimental Dwelling @ Politeknik Port Dickson, Malaysia
Published at : 27 Jan 2021
The majority of new homes in Malaysia are built using traditional construction method. Most of us are familiar with this method and, along with a number of advantages, there is a deep historical and psychological attachment to traditional construction that has contributed to its continuation as the main house building method in Malaysia. As technology, manufacturing processes and construction knowledge increase so do the number of house construction methods available to house builders. The term Industrialized Building System (IBS) refers to a collection of relatively new construction techniques that aim to offer advantages over traditional methods. Although referred to as Industrialized Methods of Construction, some of these have been used for some time. IBS is a construction process that utilises techniques, products, components, or building systems that involve prefabricated components and on-site installation. With IBS, the benefits are less reliance on labour and higher utilisation of engineering input.
Do it yourself (DIY) is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals. Academic research describes DIY as behaviors where "individuals engage raw and semi-raw materials and component parts to produce, transform, or reconstruct material possessions, including those drawn from the natural environment". DIY behavior can be triggered by various motivations previously categorized as marketplace motivations (economic benefits, lack of product availability, lack of product quality, need for customization), and identity enhancement (craftsmanship, empowerment, community seeking, uniqueness). DIY houses range from small self-contained prefabricated structures, which can be craned into position in their finished state to substantial, luxurious kit homes, delivered in sections and erected on site.
IBS-DIY House engineered by Superspan Sdn Bhd of Malaysia exists to make people aware of options for constructing quality, durable and safe homes in a cost effective manner. Ducero steel frames and floor trusses that facilitate construction using IBS are auger well and fits into the market for the remote areas where accessibility for heavy machinery render difficulty. With more populace demanding for quick delivery for quality home, IBS-DIY House allows mobility and fast track completion of any houses with least wet trade involve. IBS-DIY House uses engineered steel-framed structure is a dry-construction method, which are built in a controlled environment unlike the traditional masonry homes that are built on site. Traditional masonry homes usually took 6 to 24 months to build. However, the IBS-DIY Houses in Politeknik Port Dickson can be build in twelve (12) days and becoming more common all around the globe. Mainly, because of all the advantages that come along, these homes are built on a chassis, easily assembled, and then transported to locations around the world. They are ideal, not only for those on a tight budget, but for anyone looking to gain the luxury and lifestyle they have always wanted.
Conventionally this is an area where self builders pioneer, particularly in terms of sustainable construction. Where developers were happy to stick with proven methods of construction that suited buyer demand, many self builders were and still are, willing to research, invest and try something a little different in order to achieve an individual home that meets their needs. In light of increasing housing demand and skills shortages, the Government is encouraging the house-building sector to use and develop IBS in an attempt to meet these challenges. Most of these modern house construction methods have evolved to some degree from their traditional predecessors. Steel frame system brings prefabrication to mind but contrary to the images that 'prefab' conjures up. These IBS-DIY construction offer the following perceived advantages:
•Reducing the effect that weather has on production
•Reduced impact on residents.
•Fewer materials deliveries and so reduced disruption and fuel consumption.
•Reduced construction times.
When assessing the environmental impact of the building, the whole lifecycle of the products involved needs to be considered including acquisition of raw materials, transportation, processing, manufacture, waste generation, operating efficiency, specification, lifespan and recyclability at the end of its life. Time comparisons also require further investigation and although site times may be reduced by offsite prefabrication, lead and manufacture times must also be considered to give accurate schedule predictions.