How to convert Direct to Indirect Speech | Six Step Formula | Part 2

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Nihir Shah
Published at : 04 Jan 2021
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What is Narration?.
Narration is the act of reporting the words of speaker. i.e, how you are representing the way a person has spoke.
There are two main ways of reporting the words of speaker.
1. Direct Speech
2. Indirect Speech

Six steps to convert a direct speech to Indirect Speech for Statements or Simple Sentences.
1.) Identify.
This is the most important step. You need to identify five things here.
Subject, Object, Reporting Verb, First Person, Second Person and Third Person in Reported Speech,
and if the reporting Verb is in past form, then Tense of Reported Speech and any time related words in reported speech.

2.) Change of Reporting Verb,
Reporting Verb will change in following way.
said to will be converted to told
said will be converted to said
say to will be converted to tell
says to will be converted to tells

3.) Replace inverted commas with that
We will remove the comma and inverted commas in the sentence and join the reported speech with 'that'

4.) Change of Pronoun
Pronouns that we identified in first step in the reported speech will change as below.
1st person will be as per Subject
2nd person will be as per object
3rd person will remain unchanged.
You can remember this change with an acronym. S.O.N.
Please remember the change of pronouns properly.

5.) Change of Tense
It will happen when the reporting verb is in past form and the reported speech is not a universal truth or habit.
It will happen in following way.
simple present : simple past
present continuous : past continuous
present perfect : past perfect
present perfect continuous : past perfect continuous

simple past : past perfect
past continuous : past perfect continuous
past perfect : no change
past perfect continuous : no change

For Future tenses.
will/shall will be replaced by would or should.
And for modal verbs.
can/may, it will be converted to could/ might.

6.) Change in time words.
Words indicating nearness are changed into words showing distance.
If this words are present and RV verb is in past tense then, the change will happen in this way.
Here-there
tomorrow-the next/following day
This-that
yesterday-the previous day
These-those
the next week-the following week
Today-that day
now-then
Tonight-that night

Watch the entire video to understand the similarity and differences between both of them.

Please watch below video to understand in detail about different Grammar Topics.

Video on First Part of Direct Indirect Speech
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yML5gg26MUA&t=185s

Video on Subject,Object and Predicate
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b-Hum-UbOt8

Video on First Person | Second Person | Third Person
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YPlDZ3MR2Ss&t=144s


Video playlist related to Tenses:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLMfo9NXs6ZfF8BR44-taFznyxImfsuvEa

Forms of Verbs :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bbh3Kw5Jfwg&t=418s

Non Finite Verbs | Infinitives | Bare Infinitives | When to Use?
https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=NDLBWf7UfIM

What is Gerund | Why to use Gerund | When to use Gerund | Verbal Noun | Q&A
https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=1Oo99ehNYEM

Verbs | Main Verb and Auxiliary Verb.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z96-ZkIpQZQ&t=42s

Verbs | Transitive and Intransitive Verbs | Similarity | Differences
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xUFo94TXwqc&t=95s

Seven Types of Pronoun :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vOIYm9iTaU

Subject, Object and Verb :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HRBT4JLelA4&index=5&list=PLMfo9NXs6ZfHIcdGPq4TtfPxRm873Bh0r
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b-Hum-UbOt8&index=6&list=PLMfo9NXs6ZfHIcdGPq4TtfPxRm873Bh0r

Parts of Speech series :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNC9_f1oFuE&list=PLMfo9NXs6ZfHIcdGPq4TtfPxRm873Bh0r

Use of Capital Letters :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDRlDCz2ikQ

Phrases vs Clauses
https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=-a80_xFsh9w

Types of Clauses
https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=8dT_MlElHo8

Types of Sentences based on meaning
https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=rl85jxktfms

Conjunction
https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=XZVDRAmMHTA

Active vs Passive Voice
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXQkFacZvS4&list=PLMfo9NXs6ZfHpKWcK9k9Fl-_7k7N9D4WK&index=1
direct indirect speechconvert direct to indirectconvert direct speech

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