General Surgical instruments part - I

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Published at : 05 Jan 2021
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SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS

SURGICAL TRAY :-
A surgical tray is a tray that holds all of the tools and equipment that is used during a surgical procedure.

BOWL :-
Bowls serve a variety of purposes, most commonly as a designated place for used sponges or dressings in surgical field until they can be properly disposed of, or for holding sterile lavage fluid to be used throughout a procedure.

KIDNEY TRAY :-
A kidney tray is a hollow wear instrument which is used by surgeons and doctors to receive medical waste and soil dressings during a surgery.

CHEATLE FORCEP :-
Cheatle Sterilizer Forceps are used to remove sterilised instruments from boilers and formalin cabinets.The forceps are placed in a container of methylated spirits when not in use. Both forceps and container would be sterilized in boiling water at the start of each operating session.

GAUZE :-
Sterile gauze is used for absorbing fluids as well as dressing and protecting wounds. Sterile gauze acts as a barrier to prevent contaminants from entering any wound area that it covers and absorbs any blood or fluid that seeps out of the wound.

COTTON BALLS OR SWABS :-
Cotton balls and swabs are used for the application of medicine, cleaning and prepping wound sites, as well as a myriad of other uses. Liquid dispensing bottles make saturating cotton balls easy.

JONES TOWEL CLAMP :-
Jones towel clamp utilizes inward curving, pointed tips to penetrate towels and drapes to hold them in place over surgical sites. This clamp has a cross action, spring handle and is available in different lengths.

PLAIN ADSON TISSUE FORCEP :-
Adson Tissue Forceps are for holding and manipulating delicate tissues. These forceps have a wide, flat thumb grasp area that is commonly serrated. The jaws are short and the tips are narrow. This product is straight with smooth edges, 1x2 teeth and a length of 4-3/4 inches.

BP HANDLE :-
"B.P. handle", named after Charles Russell Bard and Morgan Parker, founders of the Bard-Parker Company. Morgan Parker patented the 2-piece scalpel design in 1915 and Bard-Parker developed a method of cold sterilization that would not dull the blades, as did the heat-based method that was previously used.

SURGICAL BLADE :-
Surgical blades, or scalpels, are used for cutting skin and tissue during surgical procedures. There are different types of blades specific to the type of procedure. Surgical blades vary by size and shape. The number of the blade indicates the blade size and shape. Surgical blades are typically made with stainless steel or carbon steel.
Some of the most common blades are described below:

The number 10 blade has a large curved cutting edge is one of the more traditional blade shapes and is used for making large incisions and cutting soft tissue.

The number 11 blade is an elongated, triangular blade sharpened along the hypotenuse edge. It has a pointed tip making it ideal for stab incisions and precise short cuts in shallow recessed areas.

The number 12 blade is a small, pointed crescent-shaped blade sharpened along the inside edge of the curve. It sometimes used as a suture cutter.

The number 15 blade has a small, curved cutting edge ideal for making short, precise incisions.

The number 22 blade is a larger version of the number 10 blade with a curved cutting edge and a flat, unsharpened back edge.

NEEDLE HOLDER :-
A needle holder, also called needle driver, is a surgical instrument, similar to a hemostat, used by doctors and surgeons to hold a suturing needle for closing wounds during suturing and surgical procedures.

SUTURES :-
Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery. Application generally involves using a needle with an attached length of thread.

ALLIS TISSUE FORCEP :-
Allis Tissue Forceps are finger ring, ratcheted forceps used for grasping organs and slippery or dense tissue. They are commonly used with tonsil, vaginal, breast, and thyroid tissue.

BABCOCK FORCEP :-
Babcock Forceps are finger ring, ratcheted, non-perforating forceps used to grasp delicate tissue in laser procedures. They are frequently used with intestinal and laparotomy procedures. Babcock Forceps are similar to Allis forceps; however, may be considered less traumatic due to their wider, rounded grasping surface. The jaws are circumferential and the tips are triangular and fenestrated with horizontal serrations.

STRAIGHT AND CURVED ARTERY FORCEPS :-
Straight and curved artery forceps are used for hemostasis, as clamp for spleen and kidney, to hold and cut edges of peritoneum, fascia, apnoneurosis and as a substitute for needle holder.

CURVED MAYO SCISSORS :-
Curved-bladed Mayo scissors allow deeper penetration into the wound than the type with straight blades. The curved style of Mayo scissor is used to cut thick tissues such as those found in the uterus, muscles, breast, and foot.

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